That was what she deemed him, without qualification, oblivious of
the deep wrongs he had suffered, the desperate case in which he
found himself after his escape from Barbados, and all the rest that
had gone to make him what he was. That he should have conducted
his filibustering with hands as clean as were possible to a man
engaged in such undertakings had also not occurred to her as a
charitable thought with which to mitigate her judgment of a man
she had once esteemed. She had no charity for him, no mercy. She
had summed him up, convicted him and sentenced him in that one
phrase. He was thief and pirate in her eyes; nothing more, nothing
less. What, then, was she? What are those who have no charity? he
asked the stars.

Captain Blood


Fundamentalism (reading all scripture literally) is a result of Protestantism. When you deny authority, you usually end up either advancing the idea that somehow you are the new authority (or always were) or that the only authority is scripture. If you choose the latter, then you find yourself back to the problem of authority with respect to interpretation. If sola scriptura is correct, then you should see Protestants all interpreting it the same way. But they do not. They often conflict. The resolution to that problem in the 19th century was the advent of a literal interpretation of all of scripture. If the entire Bible is to be read literally (with a blind eye safely turn from the question of who had the authority to compile the Canon itself), then there exists no authority problems out in the open, though they are always lurking indirectly.

Dr. Strangelove

Via media

“You declaim bitterly against the luxury of priests, the ambition of bishops, the tyranny of the Roman Pontiff, and the babbling of the sophists; against our prayers, fasts, and Masses; and you are not content to retrench the abuses that may be in these things, but must needs abolish them entirely… The solemn prayers of the Church are abolished, but now there are very many who never pray at all… Confession to the priest is abolished, but very few now confess to God…”


And no wonder; for by the falsehoods, pretences, and arts of Eccius the whole business was brought into such thorough disorder, confusion, and festering soreness, that, whichever way the sentence might lean, a greater conflagration was sure to arise; for he was seeking, not after truth, but after his own credit.

-Luther, On the Freedom of a Christian


Sounds like you are confusing “science” (scientific method) with “scientists” (just people).



“[There] is the belief that if a bunch of individuals pool their ignorance they will achieve collective wisdom.”

The TOF Spot

America, the beautiful…

How the faithful city
    has become a whore,
    she who was full of justice!
Righteousness lodged in her,
    but now murderers.
Your silver has become dross,
    your best wine mixed with water.
Your princes are rebels
    and companions of thieves.
Everyone loves a bribe
    and runs after gifts.
They do not bring justice to the fatherless,
    and the widow's cause does not come to them.

Isaiah 1:21-23


“How elastically will ‘extremism’ come to be defined in a society that has moved, without even noticing it, from expecting communities not to compel beliefs to expecting communities not to have them?”
James Mumford

Timeline: Mary

AD ~300: Ever Virgin
Perpetual virginity of Mary
[Various Church Fathers]

AD 431: Mother of God
“[T]he holy virgin gave birth in the flesh to God united with the flesh according to hypostasis, for that reason we call her Theotokos… If anyone does not confess that Emmanuel is, in truth, God, and therefore that the holy virgin is Theotokos (for she bore in a fleshly manner the Word from God become flesh), let him be anathema.”
[Cyril of Alexandria / Third Ecumenical Council, Ephesus]

AD 1854: Immaculate Conception
“We declare, pronounce, and define that the doctrine which holds that the most Blessed Virgin Mary, in the first instance of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege granted by Almighty God, in view of the merits of Jesus Christ, the Savior of the human race, was preserved free from all stain of original sin, is a doctrine revealed by God and therefore to be believed firmly and constantly by all the faithful.”
[Pope Pius IX, Ineffabilis Deus]

AD 1870: Papal Infallibility / Ex Cathedra
“[The Pope is preserved from the possibility of error ] when, in the exercise of his office as shepherd and teacher of all Christians, in virtue of his supreme apostolic authority, he defines a doctrine concerning faith or morals to be held by the whole Church.”
[First Vatican Council]

AD 1950: The Assumption of Mary (Ex Cathedra)
“…the Immaculate Mother of God, the ever Virgin Mary, having completed the course of her earthly life, was assumed body and soul into heavenly glory”
[Pope Pius XII, Munificentissimus Deus]

AD 1987: Mediatrix
“Thus there is a mediation: Mary places herself between her Son and mankind in the reality of their wants, needs and sufferings. She puts herself ‘in the middle,’ that is to say she acts as a mediatrix not as an outsider, but in her position as mother. She knows that as such she can point out to her Son the needs of mankind, and in fact, she ‘has the right’ to do so. Her mediation is thus in the nature of intercession: Mary ‘intercedes’ for mankind.”
[Pope John Paul II, Redemptoris Mater]

The next great heresy

“For the next great heresy is going to be simply an attack on morality; and especially on sexual morality. And it is coming, not from a few Socialists surviving from the Fabian Society, but from the living exultant energy of the rich resolved to enjoy themselves at last, with neither Popery nor Puritanism nor Socialism to hold them back . . . The madness of tomorrow is not in Moscow, but much more in Manhattan.” (G.K. Chesterton: ‘The Next Heresy,’ in G.K.’s Weekly, June 19, 1926).